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Definitions of Depression, Description and Prescriptions

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Definitions of Depression, Description and Prescriptions

Tolu Adebayo

What Is Depression?

Depression varies in details from one person to another, but let see the commonalities before you draw a strong definition of depression.

According to Health.com, depression is a common yet complex mental health condition affecting more than 16 million adults and 3 million adolescents in the US each year.

Talking about people under depression, feeling sad, empty, or hopeless much of the time is labelled depression.

Wikipedia.com[1] has a similar view by describing Depression as a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.

The second definition is a way ahead the first one as it inform us about while majority of people living might have undergo depression at one time or the other.

A depressed mood is a normal temporary reaction to life events such as loss of a loved one. It is also a symptom of some physical diseases and a side effect of some drugs and medical treatments.

The power of depression is in how it saps the joy of being with friends, family and loved ones. People can lose interest in hobbies, s)ex, and other pleasurable activities, and they may have trouble eating or sleeping. This is depression.

Going through Psychiatry.org[2], Depression is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel the way you think and how you act.

You can easily notice commonalties now in the definitions above.

If Psychiatry.org said all depression are curable through drug-treatment, I will disagree with evidences.

Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.

While some forms of depression are genetic, sometimes people don’t acknowledge or recognize depression in themselves or others, so they fail to seek help from a health care professional.

Sadness is depression when it is an intense sadness, which includes feeling helpless, hopeless, and worthless. Sadness changes form when it lasts for many days to weeks and keeps you from living your life, it may be something more than sadness.

In the process of being sad, some people may turn to alcohol, drugs to ease their pain or consider some form of self-harm, or suicide as an escape.

If you’re feeling depressed or suspect a loved one is struggling with depression, it’s important to reach out for help as soon as possible. Most cases, even severe depression, can be successfully treated.

In addition to Wikipedia.org on depression, Beyondblue.org.au[3] discussed depression as more than just a low mood as Wikipedia.org have it but as a serious condition, that affects your physical and mental health. I totally agree to this because depression controls everything about you.

I love Livescience.com[4] for saying depression is not the same as sadness, loneliness or grief caused by a challenging life experience, such as the death of a loved one.

Yes, just as I said earlier, depression is intense sadness – at least for two weeks or more. You may need to see a professional today!

If you have what it takes to save a million people from depression, what will you?  This article will put the keep in your hand right now!

Remember to share!

Some forms of depression are slightly different, or they may develop under unique circumstances according to Nimh.nih.gov/health[5], such as:

  • Persistent depressive disorder (also called dysthymia) is a depressed mood that lasts for at least two years.
  • Postpartum depression is much more serious than the “baby blues” (relatively mild depressive and anxiety symptoms that typically clear within two weeks after delivery) that many women experience after giving birth.
  • Psychotic depression occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations).
  • Seasonal affective disorder is characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. This depression generally lifts during spring and summer.
  • Bipolar disorder is different from depression, but it is included in this list is because someone with bipolar disorder experiences episodes of extremely low moods that meet the criteria for major depression (called “bipolar depression”).

Healthline.com[6] is different in it types of depression. While Nimh.nih.gov/health may be right, Healthline.com is more approachable in categories.

Depression ranges in how serious it is. Some people experience mild and temporary episodes of sadness. Others experience severe and ongoing depressive episodes. Your doctor can help you come up with a treatment plan based on what type of depression you have.

There are two main types: major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder.

  • Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness that do not go away on their own.

Reading Healthline.com will help you to noticefive or more of the following symptoms over a two-week period to be diagnosed with clinical depression:

  • Are you feeling depressed most of the day?
  • Are you developing loss of interest in most regular activities?
  • Are you having significant weight loss or gain?
  • Are you sleeping too much or not being able to sleep?
  • Are you now slowed thinking or movement, old age or not?
  • Are you suffering fatigue or low energy most days?
  • Are you having the feelings of worthlessness or guilt without cause?
  • Are you developing loss of concentration or indecisiveness?
  • Are you constantly recurring thoughts of death or suicide?

There are different subtypes of major depressive disorder, including: atypical features, peripartum onset, during pregnancy or right after giving birth, seasonal patterns, melancholic features, psychotic features, catatonia

  • Persistent depressive disorder

Persistent depressive disorder is a mild, but chronic, form of depression. Symptoms often last for at least two years. Persistent depressive disorder can affect your life more than clinical depression because it lasts for a longer period. You will surely notice some of the following when undergoing Persistent depressive disorder;

  • lose interest in normal daily activities
  • feel hopeless
  • lack productivity
  • have low self-esteem
  • People with PDD may be regarded as critical and unable to have fun.

Other forms of depression and mood disorders may have unique characteristics or develop under specific circumstances, making them difficult to classify. A few examples are described below

With this, I can give you my own definition of depression.

Depression is a real phenomenon apex illness plausibly curable but does not discriminate

That makes it simple

Depression is a real phenomenon apex illness plausibly curable but does not discriminate

Depression is a real phenomenon apex illness plausibly curable but does not discriminate

Apart for this, health.com discuss types of depression but we will not need to make unnecessary repetitions but to underline the uniqueness.

  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome. PMS can trigger severe depression in the week before a woman’s monthly period begins.
  • Medication- or alcohol-induced depression is a mood change caused by the use or abuse or alcohol, certain medications, and illicit drugs.
  • Depression due to an illness can occur alongside heart disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and HIV/AIDS. It’s normal for these diagnoses to be emotional, but if mood changes linger for more than a couple of weeks, you might have depression.
  • Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is a childhood condition that results in irritable and angry mood; frequent, severe temper tantrums; and an inability to function in school
  • Bipolar depression, also known as manic-depressive illness, is characterized by unusually wide swings in mood and energy, including periods of depression.
  • Postpartum depression occurs after childbirth. Women may experience extreme sadness and have difficulty caring for themselves or their new babies.
  • Seasonal affective disorder is also known as seasonal depression. This type of recurring depression commonly strikes in a seasonal pattern, usually during the fall or winter, and disappears in the spring or summer.

What causes depression?

Very simple question. The exact causes of depression are unclear according to health.com. Experts think, heath.com said, there may be multiple factors involved.

While I know from research that it’s the combination of two or more factors brings depression or make it worse.  

Factors includes:

  • Depression can be hereditary. Certain gene mutations may impede the ability of nerve cells in the brain to communicate effectively.

Health.com and Wikipedia.com agreed with my research on this, it is hereditary and most of the genetics depression are curable or tamable, even at old age. You may need to see a medical expert now!

  • Chemical imbalance. Depression is often described as a chemical imbalance in the brain, but it’s not quite as simple as being too low or too high in one chemical or another.

Some depressed people have reduced transmission of this important chemical messenger in the brain.

  • Individual Personality Trait. A person’s temperament and upbringing are among the psychological and social factors that may influence how he or she reacts to stressful situations and views the world.

Some trait are prone to depression than the other.

  • Environment. Stressful life events, such as a childhood trauma, relationship conflicts, and loss, may alter brain function in ways that make a person susceptible to depression.
  • Medical conditions. Depression often goes hand-in-hand with certain chronic conditions, such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Medications. Certain medicines are tied to depression. The list includes heart drugs such as beta-blockers and calcium-channel blockers; cholesterol-lowering statins; female hormones; anticonvulsants; opioids; and corticosteroids.
  • Substance abuse. Alcohol and drug use can bring on depression (and people who are depressed often use alcohol and drugs to cope with their depression).

Although scientists agree that depression is a brain disorder, Mentalhealth.fitness[7] said, the debate continues about exact causes.

Talking about other cause of depression, about 30 percent of people who have a substance abuse problem also experience depression.

Other risk factors for depression include:

  • low self-esteem or being self-critical
  • personal history of mental illness
  • certain medications
  • Stressful events, such as loss of a loved one, economic problems, or a divorce.

Mentalhealth.fitness makes it easier by categories it in the other of feeling, physical problems, behaviour and thought.

With this, you will be able to distingue depressions. Check it out below

Feelings:

  • Sadness
  • Hopelessness
  • Guilt
  • Moodiness
  • Angry outbursts
  • Loss of interest in friends, family and favorite activities, including s)ex

Thoughts:

  • Trouble concentrating
  • Trouble making decisions
  • Trouble remembering
  • Thoughts of harming yourself
  • Delusions and/or hallucinations can also occur in cases of severe depression

Behaviors:

  • Withdrawing from people
  • Substance abuse
  • Missing work, school or other commitments
  • Attempts to harm yourself

Physical problems:

  • Tiredness or lack of energy
  • Unexplained aches and pains
  • Changes in appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Weight gain
  • Changes in sleep – sleeping too little or too much
  • S)exual problems

We cannot leave behind what health.com will say on this. It is polite for me to say I sincerely love it.

Sadness or emptiness. Can I say it is everyone who has moments or periods of sadness in their lives? How do you feel after a death or tragedy of loved ones?

However, when a person feels down most days for at least two weeks, it can be a sign of depression. Check it please!

Feelings of worthlessness or guilt. In business, losing is part of winning. An entrepreneur with depression often have a diminished sense of self.

They may see themselves as losers and never try anything again. They may have negative thoughts about their life.

On the other hand, they may inappropriately blame themselves for unfortunate things that happen to them. Check it, it is depression!

Hopelessness or pessimistic thinking. Being overwhelmed with negative thoughts is a hallmark symptom of depression.

Pessimistic thinking can give way to feelings of despair that worsen depression.

Loss of interest or pleasure in enjoyable activities. Losing interest or joy in things that make life worth living, like hobbies, friends, work, s)ex, or food, is a main feature of depression.

Insomnia or oversleeping. People with depression may have trouble falling asleep. Alternately, they may sleep too much rather than engage in activities.

Loss of energy or fatigue. Depression can be exhausting. It can sap a person of the physical or emotional energy to actively, engage in life, leading to constant lethargy.

Slowed movements or restlessness. Some people with depression talk and walk more slowly. This is called psychomotor retardation. Very common to aged ones.

Less commonly, depression may lead to behaviors that seem more restless in nature, as pacing, fidgeting, or hand gesturing, called psychomotor agitation.

Cognitive problems. Slow or distorted thinking and difficulty concentrating can be signs of depression.

Trouble making decisions is another common sign of depression, perhaps because people with depression lack motivation and energy.

Appetite or weight changes. With depression, some people lose interest in food, while others overindulge or seek out comfort in foods high in fat and sugar.

Such shifts in appetite can lead to sudden, unintended weight loss or weight gain.

Unexplained aches and pains or digestive problems. Depression is associated with a litany of physical symptoms. Common signs include headache, backache, stomachache, and joint or muscle pain.

Poor hygiene. People with depression can lose interest in taking care of themselves and may neglect their personal hygiene.

Thoughts of death or suicide or a suicide attempt. People who are depressed may see no way out of their misery other than taking their life.

Their thoughts may to turn to self-harm or suicide. Some may verbally express suicidal thoughts or even attempt to commit suicide.

CAN YOU TREATED DEPRESSION?

There are several strategies for treating depression.

However, your doctor can make a diagnosis based on your symptoms and a psychological evaluation.

Depending upon each individual’s characteristics and symptoms, healthcare professionals may employ one or more types of psychotherapy that rely upon a sequence of interpersonal treatment sessions with a trained professional.

Several different classes of antidepressant medicines may be used to treat depression by affecting chemical messengers in the brain. They are slightly different in reaction on the brain. They include:

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). This class of medicines is widely prescribed. It includes fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram (Celexa), and escitalopram (Lexapro).
  • Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). Examples include venlafaxine (Effexor) and duloxetine (Cymbalta).
  • Norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs). Bupropion (Wellbutrin) is the only drug in this class approved by the FDA for treating depression.
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). This older class of antidepressants includes phenelzine (Nardil) and tranylcypromine (Parnate).
  • Tricyclic antidepressants (TCIs). Examples include amitriptyline (Elavil), imipramine (Tofranil), and nortriptyline (Pamelor).
  • Other (atypical) antidepressants. These drugs work on one or more chemical messengers in the brain but don’t fit into other classes of medications.

Living with depression can be difficult, but treatment can help you cope.

It is also common to combine conventional and lifestyle therapies, including the following.

Medications: Your doctor may prescribe antidepressants, antianxiety, or antipsychotic medications.

Psychotherapy: Speaking with a therapist can help you learn skills to cope with negative feelings. You may also benefit from family or group therapy sessions.

Light therapy: Exposure to doses of white light can help regulate mood and improve symptoms of depression.

Alternative therapies: Ask your doctor about acupuncture or meditation. Some herbal supplements are also used to treat depression, such as St. John’s Wort, SAMe, and fish oil.

Some supplements may worsen depression or reduce the effectiveness of medication. So, you need to talk to your doctor!

Exercise: Aim for 30 minutes of physical activity three to five days a week. Exercise can increase your body’s production of endorphins, which are hormones that improve your mood.

Avoid alcohol and drugs: Drinking or using drugs may make you feel better for a little bit. But in the long run, these substances can worsen depression and anxiety symptoms.

Learn how to say no: Feeling overwhelmed can worsen anxiety and depression symptoms. Setting boundaries in your professional and personal life can help you feel better.

Take care of yourself: You can also improve symptoms of depression by taking care of yourself. This includes getting plenty of sleep, eating a healthy diet, avoiding negative people, and participating in enjoyable activities.

Do you know some depression doesn’t respond to medication? Your doctor may recommend other treatment options if your symptoms don’t improve.

Other treatments include electroconvulsive therapy to stimulate the brain and treat major depression, or transcranial magnetic stimulation to stimulate nerve cells and regulate your moods

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used for patients with severe major depression or bipolar disorder who have not responded to other treatments.

It involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia.

How Do I Know If I Have Depression?

Just as we said earlier, Webmd.com[8] take us to DSM-5, a manual doctors use to diagnose mental disorders and conclude agreeably that you have depression when you have five or more of these symptoms for at least 2 weeks:

  • A depressed mood during most of the day, especially in the morning
  • You feel tired or have a lack of energy almost every day.
  • You feel worthless or guilty almost every day.
  • You have a hard time focusing, remembering details, and making decisions.
  • You can’t sleep or you sleep too much almost every day.
  • You have almost no interest or pleasure in many activities nearly every day.
  • You think often about death or suicide (not just a fear of death).
  • You feel restless or slowed down.
  • You’ve lost or gained weight.

What Can I Do If I Do not want to See Doctor Now?

There are things you can engage yourself in to reduce your depressed life if you have little cash on you to meet with doctor’s demands and advices.

Take the following steps seriously, as they have being proved effective.

They are;

  • Getting enough quality sleep on a regular basis,
  • Eating a healthy diet and
  • Avoiding alcohol (a depressant) can also help reduce symptoms of depression.
  • Regular exercise helps create positive feeling and improve mood.

Depression is a real illness and help is available. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the vast majority of people with depression will overcome it.

If you are experiencing symptoms of depression, and you decide to read this article, we hope you are able to find solution with article.

If you have the key to say millions of people, what will you do?

Kindly share with others to save millions of soul’s today. This is a start to addressing mental health needs.

Stay strong, sure and secure

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depression_(mood)

[2] https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/depression/what-is-depression

[3] https://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/depression

[4] https://www.livescience.com/34718-depression-treatment-psychotherapy-anti-depressants.html

[5] https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml

[6] https://www.healthline.com/health/depression#types

[7] http://mentalhealth.fitness/learn-about-your-diagnosis/depression/

[8] https://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/what-is-depression#1

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